• Innovators@JU

Environment Ecology & Conservation of Wildlife Species: Bio-diversity with Bio-acoustics Technology

We have taken so much from Mother Nature. Now, it's time to take care of her!

Tracking multiple species’ range expansions or contractions is a key for scientists to understand how environmental change disrupts the ecological connections among species and better plan nature preserves in a warmer future. Here, Bio-acoustics, i.e., the different call produced by the different species, are of great importance. Bio-acoustic research uses sound to study land and marine environments, often focusing on animals in ecosystems that are hard to reach.

Spoon Billed Sandpiper

Bengal Florican

By monitoring a decline in frog calls, listening stations could track the spread of diseases like the deadly amphibian ailment chytridiomycosis. Poaching could be tracked by listening for gunshots, animal alarm calls, and human voices. Bio-acoustics has been used to track whales, bats and frogs, and even monitor submarines and measure urban noise.

Chital / Spotted Deer

As the technology advances and becomes less costly, proponents argue, bio-acoustics is poised to become an important remote-sensing tool for conservation of wildlife species. Audio recorders are better than cameras because they can record species over far larger areas. Implementation of such array of sensors help monitor a wider environment continuously. Additionally, computer algorithms and machine intelligence can rapidly analyze thousands of hours of audio recordings to identify specific species’ calls. What began decades ago as a way to listen to ocean sounds now uses artificial intelligence to analyze massive amounts of sound data from such environments as distant islands, remote jungles and massive tracts of land. Listening stations could figure out how species’ reproductive patterns change in response to weather and climate by locating and identifying breeding calls and songs. But the practice has turned out to be particularly effective for studying birds. That’s because their songs are so clear and consistent that recordings now can be mined for powerful scientific data.

Lion Tailed Macaque

Our project aims at the exploration of bio-diversity and mapping of a multitude of species across our very own city of joy. We are designing a special device to be implemented in forests and other ecosystems across the city to monitor birds, insects, frogs, and other animal species. This will continuously monitor and identify every species using the device embedded intelligence. The results will enable the identification a bio-diversity map in and outside the city and help the scientists better understand the ecology around us. Visit this page again to learn more about the bio-diversity in your area!